Yoga Sutra 3.49 sattva and Purusa are different

Sūtra III.49

Having simply the knowledge that (mind-)sattva and Puruṣa are different, one has omnipotence over all beings and is omniscient

One whose mind (buddhi-sattva) has been purified of the taint of rajas and tamas so that he is now in the highest purity and in the consciousness of mastery, firmly set simply in the knowledge that sattva and Puruṣa are different, has omnipotence over all beings.

As the essence of all, which all is essentially determination of guṇa-s, the guṇa-s in their entirety are presented to their Lord, the witness of the field, as the field of the seen – this is the meaning. Omniscience means instant discriminative knowledge of the guṇa-s which are the essence of all, whether determined as qualities subsided or uprisen or (as yet) indeterminable.

This perfection described is called Beyond Sorrow, and when he has attained it, the omniscient yogin whose taints and bonds have been thinned away, disports himself as a master.

Simply having the knowledge that (mind-)sattva and Puruṣa are different, one has omnipotence over all beings, and is omniscient. One whose mind-sattva has been purified of the taint (mala) of rajas and tamas by all kinds of means so that he is now in the highest purity, the highest clarity in an unbroken stream and in the consciousness of mastery in unsurpassed peace of pure knowledge – he who is firmly set in the form of the simple knowledge that sattva and Puruṣa are different, has omnipotence over all beings, over the whole aggregate of things at will.

As the essence of all the essence of the whole nature (prakṛti) and its transformations, which is essentially determination of guṇa-s, nothing but determinations of them transformed as causes and states such as buddhi, corresponding to qualities subsided or uprisen or indeterminable, the guṇa-s in their entirety are presented to are brought before their Lord, the witness of the field (kṣetrajña) who is sight alone, as the field of the seen as the field of experience – this is the meaning.

Omniscience means knowledge-born-of-discrimination (viveka-ja) arising instantly without stages, at the one time of the guṇa-s, the essence of all, determined as qualities subsided or uprisen or (as yet) indeterminable.

This perfection described, namely omnipotence and omniscience, is called Beyond Sorrow, and when he has attained it, the omniscient yogin whose taints and bonds have been thinned away, disports himself as a master.

 

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