Shri Shankara Acharya’s Vakyavritti Verse 27
“‘Thou’ means that entity which is completely free from the changes caused by the six attributes and which is neither the body, nor the senses, nor the mind, nor the vital force, nor the ego”.
The six changes referred to in the above statement are birth, separative existence, growth, maturity, decay and death.
The Self being an entity beyond time and space cannot be the body, senses, mind or ego.
The word ’ego’ can be rather confusing. It stands for the empirical ego and also for the real ego which imparts ego-hood to the basic part of the mind. The empirical ego which is referred to in everyday expressions such as ‘I go’, ‘I come’ is not the real ego. The empirical ego is associated with action. The real ego is devoid of all action and attributes.
The word ’Thou’ in the famous dictum refers to pure consciousness.
This verse will be understood more by meditation, called nididhyasana (spiritual contemplation) in Vedanta, than by logical reasoning.
There is no higher practice for the realization of the nature of the Self than meditation on these verses of the holy Acharya.