How Arjuna Addresses Krishna in the Bhagavad Gita

How Arjuna Addresses Kṛṣṇa in the Gītā

In XI.41 Arjuna begs forgiveness for (among other things) having used familiar language in addressing the Lord: ‘Kṛṣṇa’ ‘Yādava’ (descendent of the Yadu tribe, equivalent to ‘Scotty’, etc.) This, and the change after seeing the Universal Form, are illustrated by the terms in the Gītā itself.

I.21
Acyuta = firm one (also lit. not leaking away, not falling, etc.)

22
Kṛṣṇa (lit. black)

31
Keśava (lit. hairy)

32
Govinda – cow-herd
Kṛṣṇa

35
Madhu-sūdana – slayer of demon Madhu

36
Janārdana – jana (men) ardana (distributer); excitant, stimulator, nuisance, gadfly

37
Mādhava: related to spring, vernal; descendant of Madhu

39
Janārdana

41
Kṛṣṇa
Vārṣṇiya – Vṛṣṇi clansman

II.4
Madhu-sūdana

34
Keśava

III.1
Janārdana

31
Vāṛṣṇiya

V.1
Kṛṣṇa

VI.33
Madhu-sūdana

34
Kṛṣṇa

37
Kṛṣṇa

39
Kṛṣṇa

VIII.1
‘Best of men’, Puruṣottama (no Śankara comment: not supreme Spirit here)

X.13
Supreme Brahman, supreme Light, supreme Purifier; eternal divine Puruṣa, primal God, unborn Omnipresent

X.14
Keśava
Lord (bhagavān)

15
Puruṣottama (here supreme Spirit), source of beings, Lord of beings, God of gods, ruler of the world

16
all-pervading

17
Yogin
Lord

18
Janārdana

XI.2
Lotus-eyed (kamalapattrākṣa)

3
Supreme Lord (parameśvara), supreme Spirit

15
Description of Universal Form

24
O Viṣṇu

25
O Lord of Gods, abode of universe

30
O Viṣṇu

31
O Lord Supreme

36
Hṛṣikeśa (lord of the senses)

37
Mighty Being, primal Cause, infinite Being, Lord of gods, abode of universe, imperishable, Being-not-being, supreme Lord of gods

38
Primal God, ancient Puruṣa, supreme abode of all, knower and knowable and supreme abode, all-pervading, of infinite forms

40
Infinite in power, infinite in daring

42
Acyuta

43
Greatest Father of the world, etc.
guru (only time this word used in Gītā for spiritual teacher, though Bhīṣma and Droṇa are gurus of strategy, archery, etc.
Here in XI.43 it refers to the Universal Form which terrifies Arjuna and which he asks to be removed.

45
God of gods, abode of universe

46
Thousand-armed, Universal Form

XIV.21
Prabhu (lord)

XVII.1
Kṛṣṇa (!)

XVIII.1
Great-armed
Hṛṣikeśa
Slayer of demon Keśin

73
Acyut

 

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