CHIT (CONSCIOUSNESS) “IN ATTEMPTING TO COMPREHEND THE ‘VEDA, EVEN THE HIGHEST INTELLECTS ARE ONLY BEWILDERED.” (Shrimad Bhagawatam)
The essence of the philosophic wisdom of the East flows from one great source, and it is the Adwaita philosophy as formulated on a logical and rational basis by the greatest of Eastern philosophers, Shri Bhagawadpad Shankaracharya. The claim of Adwaita is that it brings about the annihilation of the intrinsic ignorance (ajnana), which manifests itself in the erroneous perception of Reality as names and forms in. the ever- changing appearance called Sansara (the world), and thereby loads to the freedom, eternal bliss and enlightenment of the soul.
The philosophy of Shri Shankara is mainly epistemological and ontological, and its pivotal doctrine is the reality of Consciousness and the pseudo-reality of the world. In the following pages we have attempted a rational discussion of the nature of Consciousness (Chit) based on the dialectics of the great and renowned disciples of Shri Shankara. A careful study of it will help all students of philosophy whose goal is Self- Realisation.
The Adwaita Theory
The Kshanika-Vijnana and Madhyamika theories
The Charvaka and Nyaya-Vaisheshika Theories
Brahman (The Absolute)