The cosmic mind helps the individual mind when the individual mind can establish a channel

The cosmic mind helps the individual mind when the individual mind can establish a channel with the cosmic mind. The cosmic mind is like a glacier and individual minds are like the small streams that flow from the glacier. If by concentration and discipline the mind can remember that its main source is the glacier …

Read moreThe cosmic mind helps the individual mind when the individual mind can establish a channel

A Yogi’s field of action is prayer, meditation, study and the blessing of all

The world is a fable to the contemplative. As St. Thomas Aquinas has said: “The life of action should be something added to the life of prayer, not something taken away from it.” The pragmatic contention that the end of thought is action is not a spiritual axiom. Rama Tirtha in his last days came …

Read moreA Yogi’s field of action is prayer, meditation, study and the blessing of all

Nothing except consciousness really exists

The Jivanmukta is neither self-conscious in the psychological sense nor super-conscious; but consciousness itself — no more, no less. Nothing except consciousness really exists. Existence (Sat) and consciousness (Chit) are the names of the same reality, which is all, in which the world exists as a ring in the coiled serpent. It is absurd to …

Read moreNothing except consciousness really exists

The progress and order of the states of mind of the meditation Yoga

The progress and order of the states of mind of the meditation Yoga is as follows: 1 Agitation. The mind is moved by desires, by objective influences. Money, rest, sex-pleasures, name, lassitude, etc., enter the soul like the scorpions entering a cave. By prayer, by service of the Guru, by vigilance, by study, these influences …

Read moreThe progress and order of the states of mind of the meditation Yoga

What is the scope of logical reasoning according to Shri Shankara

The only proof of the existence of Brahman is the Shruti. Then what is the scope of logical reasoning according to Shri Shankara? Do a little research work – “Brahma Sutra” Book 2, section 1, Sutra 11. In the commentary Shri Shankara comments on this problem Also Book 2, section 1, Sutra 6 and Book …

Read moreWhat is the scope of logical reasoning according to Shri Shankara

Atman cannot be achieved by hearing, talking, or the intellect

The Shruti says: “Nayam Atma pravachanena labhyo, na medhaya, na bahuna shrutena. This Atman cannot be achieved by hearing nor by talking much about it, nor by exercise of the intellect.” (“Katha Upanishad” 1.2.23. “Mundaka Upanishad” 3.2.3.) Yet we are asked to do shravana and it appears like a contradiction that in one place the …

Read moreAtman cannot be achieved by hearing, talking, or the intellect

The jnani is subject to the fruit of karma willingly, while the ignorant is so unwillingly

In the real sense, meditation means to withdraw the mind from the objects of the five senses and also from the internal commotion of ambitions, pride, egoity, etc., and to focus it on itself. The words are said to have a great force, but the meaning has a greater force even than the words. Words …

Read moreThe jnani is subject to the fruit of karma willingly, while the ignorant is so unwillingly

Vritti has two purposes which are related to sansara, and spiritual realisation.

What is the purpose of vritti? Vritti has two purposes which are related to (1) sansara, and (2) spiritual realisation. In sansara, practical achievement is the purpose of vritti – for instance, education, learning, knowing grammar, travelling, acquiring legitimate pleasure and wealth; these are all results of vritti. In the spiritual world, vritti has a …

Read moreVritti has two purposes which are related to sansara, and spiritual realisation.

What is that state which the worshippers of God aspire to

Those who have made a firm determination to know Brahman as their Atman and to end the cycle of birth and death have the following courses open to them: (1) They should worship the Absolute state of God, without any attributes, limitations, about which nothing positive can be said, and to identify that principle with …

Read moreWhat is that state which the worshippers of God aspire to

A great verse on reincarnation comes at the beginning of the teachings

As the wearer casts off worn-out clothes and puts on himself others which are new, Even so, casting off worn-out bodies, the body-wearer passes on to new ones. Bhagavad Gita II.22 This great verse on reincarnation comes at the beginning of the teachings, and it refers to the great Self which takes on itself the …

Read moreA great verse on reincarnation comes at the beginning of the teachings

The ignorance of the rope makes it appear as a snake

These are the words of Shri Shankara (“Five Couplets on the Atman” 2.): “The ignorance of the rope makes it appear as a snake. The erroneous knowledge of Atman makes  jivahood appear as an illusion in it.” Atman is Sacchidananda but Atman’s nature is erroneously known. You cannot say “not known” for it is ever-known. …

Read moreThe ignorance of the rope makes it appear as a snake

The attributes of Atman are given in the Shvetashvatara Upanishad

The following four attributes are the attributes of Atman given in the Upanishad (“Shvetashvatara Upanishad” 6.11) (1) It is sakshi, witness (2) it is cheta, conscious (3) it is kevala, one only; there is nothing besides it (4) it is nirguna, without any. Neither Plato nor Aristotle knew Atman; they discoursed only on buddhi. We …

Read moreThe attributes of Atman are given in the Shvetashvatara Upanishad

There are two states that the mind undergoes and notices all the time

There are two states that the mind undergoes and notices all the time. The mind creates a dream, and in the dream it creates the dream-mind and observes and notices the dream. In every dream, the mind creates the personality of the dreamer which he sees acting in it; there is no dream without it. …

Read moreThere are two states that the mind undergoes and notices all the time

To know the Self, Atman, as the essence and substratum of the universe

“Ashtavakra Gita”, Chapter 2 verses 1-16: To know the Self, Atman, as the essence and substratum of the universe, including the mind individual and cosmic, two methods are recommended as preliminary ones. The first is: Control the mind, and prevent it from going towards tamas and rajas. To control the mind means to prevent the …

Read moreTo know the Self, Atman, as the essence and substratum of the universe

When the mind is active, it should rest on the personal God

When the mind is active, it should rest on the personal God, Saguna Brahman. It should meditate on Vishnu, Jesus, Krishna, Rama; these are highest conceptions by meditating on which the mind slowly begins to lose its activity. If you imagine Jesus teaching on the Mount of Olives in His divine glory, and rest your …

Read moreWhen the mind is active, it should rest on the personal God

Man should turn his back on sense-pleasures and apply himself to tranquillity and simplicity and purity.

Prakriti is constant becoming. It is an evolute. The mind also is becoming. Rajas is giving prakriti motion all the time. The mind also is active all the time. But the witness of the mind, the Self, is free from being and becoming. The Self is gunatita, beyond the three gunas. Then doing anything, let …

Read moreMan should turn his back on sense-pleasures and apply himself to tranquillity and simplicity and purity.

In Atman there is neither bondage nor deliverance

In Atman there is neither bondage nor deliverance, as in the sun there is neither night nor day. Atman is chaitanya, pure consciousness, but the dull-witted ones conceive the attributes of the intellect in Atman. Dull-witted ones. Why are they dull-witted and why are others not? Owing to their karma. Those who perform good deeds, …

Read moreIn Atman there is neither bondage nor deliverance

Pursuit of coarse pleasures, coarse food, drink makes the mind gross

Pursuit of coarse pleasures, coarse food, drink and suchlike things makes the mind gross, and beefeaters mind, whiskey drinkers mind, is not competent to solve the subtle spiritual problems. As long as the mind finds delight in the course pleasures, sex and food et cetera, it is not competent for meditation. The mind must be …

Read morePursuit of coarse pleasures, coarse food, drink makes the mind gross

When the mind is active, it should rest on the personal God, Saguna Brahman.

It should meditate on Vishnu, Jesus, Krishna, Rama; these are highest conceptions by meditating on which the mind slowly begins to lose its activity. If you imagine Jesus teaching on the Mount of Olives in His divine glory, and rest your mind on it and imagine that you are also one of the disciples, then …

Read moreWhen the mind is active, it should rest on the personal God, Saguna Brahman.

The Pure Consciousness, which witnesses both being and becoming, is real

These elephants , horses, youth, chariots, wealth, large houses and luxuries will not avail in the long run. They are liable to be lost in a moment. They are unreal like the figures in a passing cloud. O my mind, knowing this fact, leave them aside at a distance and, in order to obtain Self-realization …

Read moreThe Pure Consciousness, which witnesses both being and becoming, is real

The ego seizes its opportunity and usurps the throne of Atman

If a person goes missing, and has not been seen by anybody for a sufficiently long time, they are pronounced legally to be “missing, believed dead”, although those who are real friends and loved them, still keep faith with them. They go on hoping and believing that they will eventually turn out to be alive …

Read moreThe ego seizes its opportunity and usurps the throne of Atman

Shri Shankara says that the ignorant man is guilty of killing Atman in two different ways

Shri Shankara in his commentary on the thirteenth chapter of the Gita says: “There is a view (he says) which holds: ‘I am a sansarin subject to pleasure and pain. To bring about the cessation of sansara I should first acquire a discriminative knowledge of the field and the knower of the field. And then …

Read moreShri Shankara says that the ignorant man is guilty of killing Atman in two different ways

Maya is the desire fulfilling heavenly cow which yields milk in the form of duality

Swami Vidyaranya points out forcefully, that we are all drunk on the intoxicating milk of Maya—the desire fulfilling, heavenly cow—which yields milk in the form of duality. “Maya is said to be the desire-fulfilling, heavenly cow. It has two calves, Jiva and Ishwara. It yields milk in the form of duality. Drink of it as …

Read moreMaya is the desire fulfilling heavenly cow which yields milk in the form of duality

The body and the mind are instruments of the spirit

The body and the mind are instruments of the spirit, through which it expresses itself, to discover itself, its identity with the whole God -creating Beauty, expanding its range in the progressive discovery of Truth and defusing its light as goodness.  The body with its anatomical and physiological parts is a house; the mind is …

Read moreThe body and the mind are instruments of the spirit

The threefold method of realisation is: Shruti, reasoning and contemplation.

Ashtavakra Gita”, Chapter 2 verses 1-16: To know the Self, Atman, as the essence and substratum of the universe, including the mind individual and cosmic, two methods are recommended as preliminary ones. The first is: Control the mind, and prevent it from going towards tamas and rajas. To control the mind means to prevent the …

Read moreThe threefold method of realisation is: Shruti, reasoning and contemplation.

The Chandogya Upanishad speaks of the food we eat being divided threefold

Food may well seem to some people a topic too mundane to be harped upon in a spiritual classic, but the fact is that it is mentioned many times in the Upanishads, which are the oldest written works in the yogic tradition. As the old German proverb has it, from one point of view man …

Read moreThe Chandogya Upanishad speaks of the food we eat being divided threefold

Those who take up spiritual Yoga have peace, poise and something to put against fear and adversity

There is considerable interest in the subject of Yoga today, but a great deal of misunderstanding about it, and the first thing to be understood is that there are many Yogas, in fact as many as there are aspects of Christian religion. The word ‘Yoga’ literally means ‘yoke’ and the idea fundamentally is the pursuit …

Read moreThose who take up spiritual Yoga have peace, poise and something to put against fear and adversity

Brahman defies all proofs and therefore also defies definition

There can be no svarupa-lakshana of Brahman, because Brahman defies all proofs and therefore also defies definition. You define a thing which is limited in some way, but Brahman is unlimited. It is from the root “Brih” which means “unlimited” majesty. Moreover, only those things are subject to definition which function in the realm of …

Read moreBrahman defies all proofs and therefore also defies definition

The basis of morality in yoga is different from that of humanism

The basis of morality in yoga is different from that of humanism. It cannot be derived from reasoning, nor from the development of universal fellow-feeling or compassion. Dr. Shastri made a comment on the Buddhist Jataka stories, where for instance a bodhisattva walking along a cliff sees at the bottom a starving tigress with her …

Read moreThe basis of morality in yoga is different from that of humanism

Adhyatma Yoga

Adhyatma is a Sanskrit word meaning relating (adhy-) to the self (atma). It is defined by Shankara in his commentary on Gita viii.3 as, Brahman the supreme Self, immortal universal consciousness, seemingly (1) related to each individual body\mind complex (2) manifesting as the Self of the Lord omniscient and omnipotent, and ultimately (3) Brahman-without-attributions, Supreme …

Read moreAdhyatma Yoga

Reflected Sun in Shankara’s Bhagavad Gita commentary and in a Leonardo Da Vinci Drawing

The verse references are to the commentary on chapter XIII of the Bhagavad  Gita unless otherwise stated Sankara several times compares the Jiva or individual life to the reflection of the sun in water. He gives the example of water pots where there seem to be many suns. The individual soul is given life by …

Read moreReflected Sun in Shankara’s Bhagavad Gita commentary and in a Leonardo Da Vinci Drawing

The Bhagavad Gita sets out the effects of the gunas on human personality and action.

The Gītā sets out the effects of the guṇas on human personality and action. The sattvic agent is detached, non-egoistic, firm and vigorous, but unaffected in success or failure. The rajasic agent is passionate, greedy, cruel, impure, and elated or depressed according to how things turn out. Dominated by tamas, he is unreliable, crude in …

Read moreThe Bhagavad Gita sets out the effects of the gunas on human personality and action.

Yoga is a process aiming at a clear-cut realisation of reality

Yoga is a process aiming at a clear-cut realisation of reality through the instruments of precision above the mind. The technique is to bring the mind under control by discipline and restraint, then to make an intellectual analysis as far as the intellect will go, then to go beyond the intellect by what is called …

Read moreYoga is a process aiming at a clear-cut realisation of reality

Students in yoga sometimes get the idea that there is some such neat way of solving all their difficulties

We come across such things in life. Suppose for instance that there is a long list of Chinese and Japanese delegates, experts, reporters and so on to a big international conference. There are thousands of the names, and it is desired to put the Chinese all together in some hotels, and the Japanese in others. …

Read moreStudents in yoga sometimes get the idea that there is some such neat way of solving all their difficulties

The doctrine of the Upanishads was revived and re-interpreted by the great philosopher-yogi Shankara

After the triumphs of Buddhism in India, the ancient doctrine of the Upanishads was revived and re-interpreted by the great philosopher-yogi Shankara; he achieved a religious, intellectual and mystical re-conquest of India from a degenerate Buddhism, whose former spirit had already gone East and North, where it was to create its own wonders. Shankara’s presentation …

Read moreThe doctrine of the Upanishads was revived and re-interpreted by the great philosopher-yogi Shankara

If you take up a spiritual discipline, you have to study one tradition

I just want to say something about study. You have to be convinced, otherwise you will never do the special practises which can sensitise you to the existence of those hidden streams. Unless you are fairly convinced that they exist, you will never have the patience to keep on with the practises. For this reason …

Read moreIf you take up a spiritual discipline, you have to study one tradition

Take up a spiritual discipline to bring living streams into the desert of your life

There is a tradition in the ancient Vedas going back to over 1000B.C. that a great river, the Sarasvati, which rises in the Himalayas, flows a long way underground. Recent prospecting for oil suggests that this supposedly mythological river flows under the Thar, and thus could make the desert bloom. Beneath the human mind, even …

Read moreTake up a spiritual discipline to bring living streams into the desert of your life

The law of action and reaction holds on higher spiritual planes also

It may be said that if Realization is a natural thing, surely initial enthusiasm should not fade.. But again, if we consult our everyday experience we shall see that when a man has adapted himself to an unnatural condition, the process of readapting to the natural condition follows the same laws. An habitual drunkard cannot …

Read moreThe law of action and reaction holds on higher spiritual planes also

Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site!