Our experiences and dreamless sleep (sushupti).

According to the Advaita Vedanta, whose most learned and brilliant exponent was the first Shankaracharya, all our experiences from the cradle to the grave take place in one of the three states of waking (jagrat), dreaming (svapna) and dreamless sleep (sushupti). These...

Chuang Tzu and Confucius

At the same time as Chuang Tzu started the propagation of his mystical philosophy, Mencius, pupil of the grandson of Confucius, was popularising the thought of his great master. His wonderful eloquence, great controversial ability and dignified behaviour silenced his...

Nirguna Brahman and Saguna Brahman

Most text-books on the history of Indian philosophy tell us that Shankaracharya designated the ultimate Reality by the term nirguna Brahman., or quality-less Brahman. They say he thought this was quality-less, changeless and beyond the realm of cause and effect. If we...

The poetry of T. S. Eliot and the Bhagavad Gita

Despite the great difference between the literary and social backgrounds of the Bhagavad Gita and T. S. Eliot’s poetry, there is an essential similarity between certain ideas which are found in both. The parallelism between these ideas cannot be said to be exact for...