Shri Shankara Acharya’s Vakyavritti Verse  28

Having understood what is implied by the word ’Thou’, meditate next on the meaning of the word ‘That’, using the negative method of eliminating what is not ‘That’ and the positive method based on the direct definition of ‘That’.


Two processes of meditation directed to achieving a right understanding of the great dictum ‘That Thou Art’ are mentioned in this verse.

It is taken for granted that the meaning of the word ‘Thou’, explained in previous verses, has been grasped to some extent.

The Yogi should then meditate single-mindedly with full concentration on the meaning of the word ‘That’, with which ‘Thou’ is to be identified.

A realization of the identity of the meaning of ‘Thou’ and ‘That’ leads to the direct cognition of the splendour of the Self, or God, within.                                                                                 ,

Whilst meditating on ‘That’, the Yogi, is asked to consider and reject all that is not directly implied by it, and then to reflect on its real spiritual meaning as given by the holy Acharya.

This is a very useful method of contemplation which requires the application of intelligence and of the more refined aspect of the mind.

It is a method which has something in common with inspiration. Now the meaning of ‘Thou’ is elaborated.

Shri Shankara Acharya’s Vakyavritti Verse  29

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